The warehouse is a building, mostly attached to a distillery, in which the spirits slowly mature in oak barrels for years. In Scotland, and most of the rest of the world, the minimum period for whiskey to mature is three years in appropriate warehouses. There are three different categories of warehouses; the traditional dunnage warehouses, racked warehouses and the more modern the palletised warehouse. What is a Dunnage warehouse? A Dunnage (warehouse) is a traditional type of warehouse for maturing spirits, which is made of stone or brick these have no solid floor, are built rather low and have thick walls.
Today the pagoda roof is a recognisable symbol of Scottish whisky distilleries but it rarely serves a functional purpose as fewer and fewer distilleries dry their whisky on their own malt floors. Once upon a time though the pegoda was cutting edge technology designed by the brilliant and pragmatic architect Charles Doig. An Iconic Landmark An architectural landmark of many distilleries in Scotland are the pagoda roofs of the malt kilns.
Whisky has been officially distilled in Japan since 1923 but was largely unnoticed for most of this time. In the last few years spirits from the East, whisky in particular have been gaining global recognition, not least because the manufacturers have placed greater emphasis on marketing and the optimization of their production conditions. Such has been the success of Japanese whisky that one, the 35-year-old single malt “Karuizawa 1978”, ranks among the most expensive whiskie in the world.
The history of whisky production is closely linked to law, taxation and the attempts of distillers to avoid the latter. Taxation dates back to 1643 in Ireland and 1644 in Scotland. A state license for distilling whisky has been required in Ireland since 1661, and in Scotland since 1707. The number of illegal distilleries throughout history has far exceeded the number of legal ones. That changed in Scotland with the Act of Excise 1823.
At a time when France was bringing down the monarchy, another revolution was taking shape across the Atlantic. Less violent, but at least as unprecedented. The whiskey rebellion would ignite the minds of the very young republic. To get around the prohibitions, the colonists would find a solution that would ultimately give birth to bourbon as we know it. “Perhaps there is no other nation on the earth, that has in so short a period experienced such various and interesting scenes as the people of the United States.